Implementácia Agendy 2030 prostredníctvom biosférických rezervácií
Implementation of Agenda 2030 through biosphere reserves
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Piscová Veronika, PhD.
Annotation: The aim of the project is to create a proposal for a sustainable institutional, financial and legislative model ofbiosphere reserves in the Slovak Republic and the fundamental framework of their strategic development based onanalysis of territorial potential in the context of meeting the objectives of Agenda 2030, resilience theory, foreignexperience and examples of good practice. The model will reflect the outputs of the analysis of all components ofthe potential of four Slovak biosphere reserves in the context of the resilience theory and goals of Agenda 2030. Itwill develop to the individual business model of each biosphere reserve. It will also include the methodology ofcreating development documents for biosphere reserves (development strategy, action plan and marketingcommunication strategy) all four biosphere reserves, taking into account the latest trends in spatial development,promoting the resilience of the areas studied and preserving their exceptional value on a global scale.The project will also include activities aimed at raising awareness among professionals and the general publicabout the issue, popularizing the project results and exchanging knowledge, ideas and experience with actors fromthe public, private and non-profit sectors in the form of workshops, conferences, public debates, lectures,conference papers and high quality research outputs.
Duration: 1.7.2021 – 30.6.2025
Diverzita lúčnych a pasienkových biotopov Slovenska po dvoch dekádach v Európskej únii
Diversity of grassland habitats in Slovakia after two decades in the EU
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Špulerová Jana, PhD.
Annotation: The landuse changes dynamicaly in time and these changes reflect in the vegetation composition and structure. The changes in the agricultural landscape are significantly influenced by the agricultural subsidiesreceived in Slovakia since 2004 when the country joined the European Union. The aim of the project is to asses the changes in the floristic composition and functional traits of the grassland habitats of European and national importance using the resampling of phytosociologicalrelevés. Based on the results we will asses the effectiveness and impact of agricultural subsidies on recent state of the studied habitats. At the same time, we will continue testing the influence of various management techniques in the permanent plots on composition of grassland vegetation. The results of our research may be used by the State Conservancy Agency and will serve as a basis for optimisation of management measures for maintaining the favourable condition of grassland habitats of European and national importance.
Duration: 1.1.2021 – 31.12.2024
Dlhodobé zmeny znečistenia ovzdušia a ich dopad na ekosystémy
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš, CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2021 – 31.12.2024
Krajinnoekologické aspekty zelenej a modrej infraštruktúry pri tvorbe optimálneho priestorového základu ekologicky stabilných plôch v urbanizovanej krajine
Landscape-ecological aspects of green and blue infrastructure in creation of an optimal spatial basis for ecologically stable areas in urban landscape.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Moyzeová Milena, PhD.
Annotation: Topical theme of the current research both in our country and in the world is the issue of green (G) and blue (B) infrastructures. Their task is to support and conserve landscape biodiversity and diversity, polyfunctional land use, protection of landscape elements and conservation of important landscape elements. The aim of the project is to prepare the assessment methodology of G and B infrastructures in a settled environment by interdisciplinary scientific research; to produce a specialized methodical tool applicable to planning practices on local level. Apart from the assessment of green and blue infrastructure the partial aim will be the assessment of grey infrastructure associated with the development of settlements and communications as part of comprehensive assessment for resulting proposals. Protection of natural and semi-natural and man-made ecosystems is compulsory for conservation of bio production, environmental and socio-economic functions and general life forms and conditions in urban landscape.
Duration: 1.1.2021 – 31.12.2024
Vývoj pôdnych vlastností a vegetácie
Evolution of soil properties and vegetation on the former agricultural land
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Kollár Jozef, PhD.
Annotation: The project is focused on the evolution of soil properties and vegetation in the abandoned agricultural land
Duration: 1.1.2021 – 31.12.2024
Ekologické vzťahy v systéme hostiteľ-parazitoid
Ecological relationships in the system host-parasitoid
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Gajdoš Peter, CSc.
Annotation: Study of the relationships between organisms is a basic prerequisite for understanding of evolution. Host-parasitoid interactions are an attractive area of research for evolutionary biologists. Only a small proportion of known parasitoid groups are associated with a dangerous host type. The exceptions are wasps from Polysphincta group (Hymenoptera). The project will evaluate ecological and behavioural data in both organism. The research will be studied under the conditions of forest ecotones, where the impact of ecological factors (altitude gradient, habitat type and woody species, exposure) on arachnid communities and their parasitoids will be evaluated. The impact of management (conventional vs organic farming) on arachnid communities and their parasitoids in orchards and viticultural landscape will be investigated. The host spectrum and parasitoid manipulation will be tested experimentally. New knowledge about their biology and ecology is expected to allow a better understanding of the evolution of interactions between these highly interconnected organisms.
Duration: 1.1.2020 – 31.12.2023
ECOTOUR – Integrácia poskytovania vybraných služieb ekosystémov pre spoločenský dopyt z hľadiska rozvoja udržateľných foriem cestovného ruchu
Integration of supply of selected ecosystem services for societal demand in terms of developing sustainable forms of tourism
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Krnáčová Zdena, PhD.
Annotation: The scientific aim of the project is the development and creation of new methods of evaluation of cultural, selected regulating and supporting services of ecosystems using quantification techniques, such as landscape supplies for demand in terms of development of sustainable forms of tourism. From a methodological point of view, we will use several methods, like the Spreadsheet-Type method (Burkhard et al., 2009, 2014, Mederly et al., 2019, Nuegarten et al., 2018, Maes, 2012b, 2013) as a basis and assess the degree of hemerobia and landscape-ecology importance of landscape cover according to authors Krnáčová, Barančok, Pavličková (2018), where we evaluate the biophysical characteristics of elements. This methodology allows to design a suitable and sensitive type of tourism. The project also includes a comparison of the historical use of the landscape with the current condition and the determination of the degree of changes in landscape diversity and biodiversity (Maes et al., 2015).
Duration: 1.1.2021 – 12.12.2023
URANOS – Údajová a vedomostná podpora pre systémy rozhodovania a strategického plánovania v oblasti adaptácie poľnohospodárskej krajiny na klimatické zmeny a minimalizáciu degradácie poľnohospodárskych pôd
Scientific support of climate change adaptation in agriculture and mitigation of soil degradation.
Program: EU Structural Funds Research & Development
Project leader: Mgr. Halabuk Andrej, PhD.
Duration: 3.4.2020 – 30.6.2023
Ekologické analýzy akulturácie krajiny Slovenska od mladšieho praveku dodnes
Ecological Analyses of Landscape Acculturation in Slovakia since Early Prehistory until Today
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Piscová Veronika, PhD.
Annotation: Human impact on landscape of Slovakia is manifested more markedly since the Neolithic period (New StoneAge). Acculturation processes such as mutual adoption and merging different cultures and process of social andcultural changes accompany people throughout their history and reflect on the environment (Škvarna, 2007). Thehuman impact on the landscape may appear at first positive, but it may have a negative influence on the natureitself and finally on people as well (Erten, Van Deb Berg, Weissing 2007). For this reason, it is important toanalyze the impact of landscape changes on people and also on natural ecosystems. The aim of this project is toreconstruct the landscape in several periods of historical and archaeological past and to evaluate theconsequences of human activity in the model areas. An important role will be played by the confrontation of theevolution of settlement and vegetation changes in the territories in the same chronological sections.
Duration: 1.1.2019 – 31.12.2022
Demetra – Hodnotenie novodobých zmien a vývojových trendov poľnohospodárskej krajiny Slovenska (Demetra)
Assessment of recent changes and trends in agricultural landscape of Slovakia (Demetra)
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš, CSc.
Annotation: The project responds to insufficiently known consequences of the current rapid and extensive changes of agricultural landscape (AL). The aim is to evaluate the extent and distribution of the recent changes in the AL use in Slovakia after r. 1990, their trends and impacts on main functions and depending ecosystem services. The project is based on the DPSIR concept that evaluates environmental context of human activities in the form of a causal chain, following the causes, conditions and consequences. The main original features of the project is a comprehensive approach with the analysis and evaluation of natural and socio-economic factors, with emphasis of internationally established indicators use, analysis of trends and formulation of possible future scenarios, interconnection of multiple spatial levels, the combination of analytical procedures with empirical knowledge and stakeholder involvement.The project is planned for 48 months (07/2018-06/2022). It will develop special methods, procedures and indicators to be applied at national level and in local case studies in all major types of AL. In addition to scientific contribution, the project will also propose measures, tools and procedures for decision-making and planning of the sustainable use of AL.
Duration: 1.8.2018 – 30.6.2022
Historické a súčasné zmeny krajinnej diverzity a biodiverzity vplyvom pôsobenia prírodných a antropogénnych faktorov
Historical and present changes in the landscape diversity and biodiversity caused by natural and anthropogenic factors
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Barančok Peter, CSc.
Annotation: In the natural environment, there are constantly running processes that affect the character of the landscape or intensity of natural environmental factors and form the overall state of the environment. These processes naturally influence and change landscape diversity and biodiversity. Man intervenes into these natural procsses in a significant way and anthropogenic impacts on the landscape and biodiversity nowadays outweigh the impacts resulting from the natural development of the areas. The project focuses on the assessment of landscape and biodiversity changes in selected areas affected by the effects of natural and anthropogenic stress factors in a different time periods. Attention will be paid to the differentiation of landscape diversity and biodiversity changes that were caused by the natural development of the landscape, global factors impact and the influence of man in the country ? since the first settlement, through changes in the way and intensity of the landscape use.
Duration: 1.1.2018 – 31.12.2021
Výskum biokultúrnych hodnôt krajiny
Research of biocultural values of landscape
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Dobrovodská Marta, PhD.
Annotation: Recently is increasing interest in research that can define habitats and landscape created by human culture and can determine ways that society uses to shape up its natural environment and is also shaped up by it (UNESCO 2007). Also is increasing demand for ensuring diversity in every dimension of life and its inclusion to political agenda. This requires revision of current strategy of biodiversity protection, which often omits highly rated areas in manused landscape and mostly focuses on protection of natural landscape. New concept of “biocultural diversity”, which points to connection between biological and cultural dimension of landscape, their interactions, connections, common development, threats and correlation with social and economical development of society, allows this change. The goal of the pilot project is to bring new qualitative and quantitative findings during the evaluation of connection between biological and cultural diversity and to define new principles of its protection.
Duration: 1.1.2018 – 31.12.2021