Výskum špecifických prvkov biokultúrnej krajiny na Slovensku
Research of specific landscape elements of bio-cultural landscape in Slovakia
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Dobrovodská Marta, PhD.
Annotation: In a broader sense, it is possible to perceive landscape as mainly bio-cultural and multi-functional, as it constantlyadapts to the economic, social, cultural and environmental processes in time and space. The result is formation ofbio-cultural systems providing a crucial and effective space for the integration of biological and cultural elements that significantly affect individual bio-cultural systems. The project will focus on development ofmethodology for detailed interdisciplinary and integrated research of biotic and social-cultural elements and theirinterrelationships in valuable bio-cultural systems in Slovakia using indicators of biotic and cultural diversity aswell as research of extent and structure changes of forms of traditional agrarian relief. Special attention will bepaid to identification of change factors (driving forces, global megatrends) of the most valuable bio-culturalsystems and determination of selected benefits, which provide for society.
Duration: 1.1.2022 - 31.12.2025
Zmeny krajinnej diverzity a biodiverzity v horských a vysokohorských oblastiach Západných Karpát
Changes in landscape diversity and biodiversity in mountain and alpine areas of the Western Carpathians
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Barančok Peter, CSc.
Annotation: The Western Carpathians cover a significant part of Slovakia. The country is characterised by mountain and alpine areas with their typical landscape structure with various representation of forest and non-forest habitats. Natural and anthropogenic conditioned factors play a significant role in formation of the landscape character. The processes in the natural environment constantly influence landscape diversity and biodiversity, and nowadays, anthropogenic impacts are more and more significant. The project focuses on the assessment of landscape and biodiversity changes in selected areas affected by the effects of natural and anthropogenous stress factors in different time periods. Attention will be paid to the differentiation of landscape diversity and biodiversity changes that were caused by the natural development of the landscape, global factors impact, and the influence of man in the country. Anthropogenic impact will be assessed from the point of view of man`s historical activity in the country, the way and intensity of the land use, to the present-day impact affecting the overall status of the natural environment.
Duration: 1.1.2022 - 31.12.2025
BIO RESERVE - Implementácia Agendy 2030 prostredníctvom biosférických rezervácií
Implementation of Agenda 2030 through biosphere reserves
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Piscová Veronika, PhD.
Annotation: The aim of the project is to create a proposal for a sustainable institutional, financial and legislative model ofbiosphere reserves in the Slovak Republic and the fundamental framework of their strategic development based onanalysis of territorial potential in the context of meeting the objectives of Agenda 2030, resilience theory, foreignexperience and examples of good practice. The model will reflect the outputs of the analysis of all components ofthe potential of four Slovak biosphere reserves in the context of the resilience theory and goals of Agenda 2030. Itwill develop to the individual business model of each biosphere reserve. It will also include the methodology ofcreating development documents for biosphere reserves (development strategy, action plan and marketingcommunication strategy) all four biosphere reserves, taking into account the latest trends in spatial development,promoting the resilience of the areas studied and preserving their exceptional value on a global scale.The project will also include activities aimed at raising awareness among professionals and the general publicabout the issue, popularizing the project results and exchanging knowledge, ideas and experience with actors fromthe public, private and non-profit sectors in the form of workshops, conferences, public debates, lectures,conference papers and high quality research outputs.
Duration: 1.7.2021 - 30.6.2025
CALTER - Toky uhlíka v pôde hlavných typov lesných ekosystémov na výškovom gradiente Západných Karpát.
Soil carbon fluxes in dominant forest ecosystems along elevation gradient in the Western Carpathians
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš, CSc.
Annotation: Forest stores more than 70% of global soil carbon (C) and plays a central role in soil surface-atmosphere exchange of greenhouse gases. Due to the amount of C stored in the soil, it is essential to recognize that even a small change within this pool could significantly feedback the earth system. Soil organic carbon occurs in diverse forms, which according to the stability, can be divided into an active (labile) fraction, whose persistence time varies from a few weeks to a few months, and a stable fraction, which can persist in the soil for many years or even centuries. Soil loses C by two main processes - respiration and leaching. Both of them show complex spatio-temporal biophysical controls that vary on different scales as a consequence of changes in biotic (plant or microbial community) and abiotic (e.g., soil temperature, soil moisture, soil texture) factors. Soil respiration (Rs) consists of the two main components - heterotrophic (Rh) and autotrophic respiration (Ra), which respond differently to changes in influencing factors. The elevation is a key driver of climate properties playing an essential role in soil carbon content and fluxes. The main aim of our project is to identify C loss by respiration and leaching and to identify their driving factors along an elevation gradient representing the main forest communities in the Western Carpathians. Study plots are located in sites dedicated to long-term ecological research (LTER Slovakia). Possible impact of elevated temperature on soil C fluxes will be studied in open-top greenhouses. For reliable estimation of naturally very variable soil C fluxes we will optimize sampling strategy for each studied ecosystem by spatial stratification and by adjustment of measuring frequency.
Project webpage: n/a
Duration: 1.7.2022 - 30.6.2025
Diverzita lúčnych a pasienkových biotopov Slovenska po dvoch dekádach v Európskej únii
Diversity of grassland habitats in Slovakia after two decades in the EU
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Špulerová Jana, PhD.
Annotation: The landuse changes dynamicaly in time and these changes reflect in the vegetation composition and structure. The changes in the agricultural landscape are significantly influenced by the agricultural subsidiesreceived in Slovakia since 2004 when the country joined the European Union. The aim of the project is to asses the changes in the floristic composition and functional traits of the grassland habitats of European and national importance using the resampling of phytosociologicalrelevés. Based on the results we will asses the effectiveness and impact of agricultural subsidies on recent state of the studied habitats. At the same time, we will continue testing the influence of various management techniques in the permanent plots on composition of grassland vegetation. The results of our research may be used by the State Conservancy Agency and will serve as a basis for optimisation of management measures for maintaining the favourable condition of grassland habitats of European and national importance.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2024
Dlhodobé zmeny znečistenia ovzdušia a ich dopad na ekosystémy
Long-term changes of atmospheric pollution and their impact to ecosystems
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš, CSc.
Annotation: The project will assess long-term changes in air pollution and their impacts on selected ecosystems. The firstproject theme is study of changes in atmospheric deposition using bryophytes as pollutant accumulators. We willcontinue in former several decades lasting research using the ICP Vegetation methodology. We will developpollution maps for Slovakia and assess impacts on humans and ecosystems. At the Báb LTER site, we willcontinue the study of pollutants accumulation in bryophytes, tree leaves and soil of forest ecosystem. The secondtheme is an experimental study of impacts of elevated temperature and nitrogen and phosphorus deposition onthe ecosystem of alpine grasslands in the LTER sites Jalovecká dolina (since 2002; phosphorus and 3 nitrogenconcentrations; since 2009 also ecosystem regeneration) and Kráľova hoľa (since 2009; temperature rise,nitrogen deposition and their combination). We will repeat all previous measurements, assess changes andimpacts on the ecosystem structure and functioning.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2024
Krajinnoekologické aspekty zelenej a modrej infraštruktúry pri tvorbe optimálneho priestorového základu ekologicky stabilných plôch v urbanizovanej krajine
Landscape-ecological aspects of green and blue infrastructure in creation of an optimal spatial basis for ecologically stable areas in urban landscape.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Moyzeová Milena, PhD.
Annotation: Topical theme of the current research both in our country and in the world is the issue of green (G) and blue (B) infrastructures. Their task is to support and conserve landscape biodiversity and diversity, polyfunctional land use, protection of landscape elements and conservation of important landscape elements. The aim of the project is to prepare the assessment methodology of G and B infrastructures in a settled environment by interdisciplinary scientific research; to produce a specialized methodical tool applicable to planning practices on local level. Apart from the assessment of green and blue infrastructure the partial aim will be the assessment of grey infrastructure associated with the development of settlements and communications as part of comprehensive assessment for resulting proposals. Protection of natural and semi-natural and man-made ecosystems is compulsory for conservation of bio production, environmental and socio-economic functions and general life forms and conditions in urban landscape.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2024
Vývoj pôdnych vlastností a vegetácie na bývalej poľnohospodárskej pôde
Evolution of soil properties and vegetation on the former agricultural land
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Kollár Jozef, PhD.
Annotation: The project is focused on the evolution of soil properties and vegetation in the abandoned agricultural land
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2024
Ekologické vzťahy v systéme hostiteľ-parazitoid
Ecological relationships in the system host-parasitoid
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Gajdoš Peter, CSc.
Annotation: Study of the relationships between organisms is a basic prerequisite for understanding of evolution. Host-parasitoid interactions are an attractive area of research for evolutionary biologists. Only a small proportion of known parasitoid groups are associated with a dangerous host type. The exceptions are wasps from Polysphincta group (Hymenoptera). The project will evaluate ecological and behavioural data in both organism. The research will be studied under the conditions of forest ecotones, where the impact of ecological factors (altitude gradient, habitat type and woody species, exposure) on arachnid communities and their parasitoids will be evaluated. The impact of management (conventional vs organic farming) on arachnid communities and their parasitoids in orchards and viticultural landscape will be investigated. The host spectrum and parasitoid manipulation will be tested experimentally. New knowledge about their biology and ecology is expected to allow a better understanding of the evolution of interactions between these highly interconnected organisms.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2023
ECOTOUR - Integrácia poskytovania vybraných služieb ekosystémov pre spoločenský dopyt z hľadiska rozvoja udržateľných foriem cestovného ruchu
Integration of supply of selected ecosystem services for societal demand in terms of developing sustainable forms of tourism
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Krnáčová Zdena, PhD.
Annotation: The scientific aim of the project is the development and creation of new methods of evaluation of cultural, selected regulating and supporting services of ecosystems using quantification techniques, such as landscape supplies for demand in terms of development of sustainable forms of tourism. From a methodological point of view, we will use several methods, like the Spreadsheet-Type method (Burkhard et al., 2009, 2014, Mederly et al., 2019, Nuegarten et al., 2018, Maes, 2012b, 2013) as a basis and assess the degree of hemerobia and landscape-ecology importance of landscape cover according to authors Krnáčová, Barančok, Pavličková (2018), where we evaluate the biophysical characteristics of elements. This methodology allows to design a suitable and sensitive type of tourism. The project also includes a comparison of the historical use of the landscape with the current condition and the determination of the degree of changes in landscape diversity and biodiversity (Maes et al., 2015).
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 12.12.2023
ENVIRO PLUS - Podpora výskumno-vývojových aktivít jedinečného riešiteľského tímu
Supporting the R&D activities of a unique research team
Program: Európsky fond regionálneho rozvoja (EFRR)
Project leader: Mgr. Kalivoda Henrik, PhD.
Annotation: The main objective of the project is to support research and development activities of the unique research team of non-business research organizations ILE SAS and Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra and the company ESPRIT Ltd focused on the knowledge area of environmental engineering. The project topics are focused on product lines in the domain of Healthy Food and Environment:1) Systems for the protection of agricultural and forest soils against degradation2) Systems and technologies for preventing the negative impacts of climate change in agriculture and forestry.
Project webpage:
Duration: 27.9.2022 - 30.9.2023