Projects

International

eLTER PPP – eLTER Preparatory Phase Project
eLTER Preparatory Phase Project
Program: Horizon 2020
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš, CSc.
Annotation: eLTER RI is a pan-European Research Infrastructure planned to be operational in 2027. It has been built on the basis of existing national investments over several decades in the context of dedicated networks and ecosystem, critical zone and socio-ecological research projects. 162 Research Performing Organisations support the eLTER RI Science Case through a signed MoU, and 19 countries (including Slovakia) have formally provided political support to establishment of eLTER RI. The eLTER RI intends to create scientifically sound information required in response to grand societal challenges, while working as a distributed RI in the most cost-efficient way. It will continuously enhance its services and in-situ facilities to meet the needs of stakeholders as to emerging research challenges. Thereby, it will bring Europe to a globally leading role in ecosystem sciences. eLTER PPP will establish the vision and mission, strategic collaboration schemes and impact analysis of the RI; plan, consolidate with shareholders and start to implement the governance structures, coordinate a smooth transition from preparation into operations by establishing a legal entity, and by clearly identifying risks and risk reduction measures; prepare the cost benefit analysis, full Cost Book of the RI, and the financial plans for the mid-term and long-term perspective, and consolidate them with the shareholders; conclude the requirements of the RI to be met by the Central Services, identify the host for the Head Office, and the scope and decision making processes for hosting other central service components; finalise the technical specifications of eLTER RI concerning National Research Infrastructure design, eLTER Standard Observations and site categories, and establish a site labelling process; and develop and set up communication, dissemination and marketing structures or seamless continuation in eLTER RI, and engaging the eLTER scientific user community and other user groups beyond the project life time.
Project webpage: https://www.lter-europe.net/projects/PPP
Duration: 1.2.2020 – 31.1.2025
eLTER PLUS – European long-term ecosystem, critical zone and socio-ecological systems research infrastructure PLUS
European long-term ecosystem, critical zone and socio-ecological systems research infrastructure PLUS
Program: Horizon 2020
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš, CSc.
Annotation: Progress in understanding, managing and securing current and future ecosystem functions and services is challenged by fragmented and dispersed ecosystem research, operated using narrow disciplinary perspectives that prevent a holistic understanding of complex eco- and socio-ecological systems. The emerging European Long-Term Ecosystem, critical zone and socio-ecological systems Research Infrastructure (eLTER RI) was evaluated by the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) as having high potential for closing this gap in the European RI landscape. The primary objective of eLTER PLUS is to open and expand the research capacities and impact of eLTER by engaging current and new users and developing the operations of cross- and transdisciplinary research, exemplified in eLTER Site and Platform design and the RI’s Standard Observation framework. eLTER PLUS will execute a performance test of the emerging RI and assess and strengthen its operations in real time. It will further advance community building and provisioning of services as pursued by the H2020-funded eLTER INFRAIA Starting Community project and related projects. Its focus is on making intensive use of 35 selected sites and platforms in terrestrial, freshwater and coastal ecosystems, combined with observational data from an additional 50 sites, for studying ecosystem and socio-ecological responses to globally-relevant environmental challenges in terms of ecosystem integrity and ecosystem services. Its Whole-Systems approach will derive meaningful scientific and policy-relevant information via co-designed, transdisciplinary research in collaboration with diverse stakeholders at local, regional and EU-scales. Concerted actions also focus on collaboration with peer RIs to maximize synergies, increase efficiencies and catalyze holistic understanding of ecosystem function, and on development of virtual laboratories where in-situ site data are linked with other data sources, e.g. Copernicus.
Project webpage: https://www.lter-europe.net/projects/PLUS
Duration: 1.2.2020 – 31.1.2025
SatZones – Identifikácia výnosových zón na poľnohospodárskych pozemkoch s využitím satelitných údajov
Satellite-based delineation of yield productivity zones for Slovak crop fields
Program: European Space Agency (ESA)
Project leader: Mgr. Kenderessy Pavol, Ph.D.
Annotation: The delineation of "quasi homogenous" management zones is the basis of the precision agriculture (PA) practices, addressing the within-field variability of crop status and crop yield. Many ground-based methods exist for the delineation of management zones, though, due to the complexity and costs, they are not commonly applied in Slovak agricultural sector. On the other hand, cost-effective satellite-based approaches for identifying so-called yield productivity zones have been recently introduced. Yield productivity zones represent highly productive, respectively less productive zones within field parcels. In particular, the time-series approaches using satellite-based vegetation indices with relevant spatial and temporal resolutions (e.g. Sentinel2 or Landsat products) may identify stable recurring crop status patterns, resulting in identifying yield productivity zones. Though many services exist based on a user request basis, a "broad-scale full coverage" delivery of yield productivity zones in an automated manner is still rare. We aim to develop such a system to enhance satellite-based (later referred as EO based) agricultural services for "literally" 61 000 field parcels, a substantial number of Slovak farmers, and finally for the all ”digital farming” industry.The main technical objective of the project is development of the automated processor for creation of yield productivity zones at broader scale. Furthermore, EO-based service for farmers based on this processor will be designed. The end goal of the proposal is enhancement of the EO-based services for agriculture and precision farming.
Duration: 15.2.2022 – 31.7.2023
Sen2ForMaM – Mapovanie a monitoring poškodenia lesných porastov s podporou satelitných produktov Sentinel 2
Sentinel 2 based support of forest disturbance mapping and monitoring
Program: European Space Agency (ESA)
Project leader: Mgr. Halabuk Andrej, PhD.
Annotation: Existing forest geospatial decision support system will be improved byfunctionality for monitoring of forest status and disturbances with use of timely Sentinel2satellite images and derived products. Specific technological objectives are:1. Development of analytical tools for assessment of forest status and disturbance usingSentinel2 products2. Development data collection and visualization services for web and mobile platforms offorestry GIS system3. Operationalization of Sentinel2 based forest disturbance mapping for regional forestrysectorThe products and services will be implemented, thoroughly tested and verified in Orava forestadministration district according to requirements of already identified customer.The end goal and final customer benefits will be: early identification of changes in forest health and forest disturbances prevention of larger forest disturbance and damages by timely forest managementmeasures minimizing of the management costs and optimization of field work for monitoring
Duration: 1.1.2019 – 31.12.2020
OpenNESS – Funkčnosť prírodných kapitálov a ekologických služieb: od konceptu k reálnej aplikácii (OpenNESS)
Operationalisation of Natural Capital and EcoSystem Services: From Concepts to Real-world Applications (OpenNESS)
Program: FP7
Project leader: Doc. RNDr. Izakovičová Zita, PhD.
Annotation: The project is aimed at the evaluation of current state of research in the topic land management and definition of the needs for the next period. The main sub-objectives of the project are: 1) Identify social challenges related to land, especially land use, the management of land and soil protection, land use and utilisation of landscape resources, 2) Evaluate approaches to integrated land management, to evaluate the current strengths and weaknesses, define proposals to improve the situation, 3) Identify the need for research in the area land use and land management, 4) Identify the main groups of "stakeholders" and create a network of all groups "stakeholders" in the field, 5) Ensure the transfer of knowledge in practice and contribute to improving policy EU and research in this area.
Duration: 1.12.2012 – 31.5.2017

National

Dlhodobé zmeny znečistenia ovzdušia a ich dopad na ekosystémy
Long-term changes of atmospheric pollution and their impact to ecosystems
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš, CSc.
Annotation: The project will assess long-term changes in air pollution and their impacts on selected ecosystems. The firstproject theme is study of changes in atmospheric deposition using bryophytes as pollutant accumulators. We willcontinue in former several decades lasting research using the ICP Vegetation methodology. We will developpollution maps for Slovakia and assess impacts on humans and ecosystems. At the Báb LTER site, we willcontinue the study of pollutants accumulation in bryophytes, tree leaves and soil of forest ecosystem. The secondtheme is an experimental study of impacts of elevated temperature and nitrogen and phosphorus deposition onthe ecosystem of alpine grasslands in the LTER sites Jalovecká dolina (since 2002; phosphorus and 3 nitrogenconcentrations; since 2009 also ecosystem regeneration) and Kráľova hoľa (since 2009; temperature rise,nitrogen deposition and their combination). We will repeat all previous measurements, assess changes andimpacts on the ecosystem structure and functioning.
Duration: 1.1.2021 – 31.12.2024
URANOS – Údajová a vedomostná podpora pre systémy rozhodovania a strategického plánovania v oblasti adaptácie poľnohospodárskej krajiny na klimatické zmeny a minimalizáciu degradácie poľnohospodárskych pôd
Scientific support of climate change adaptation in agriculture and mitigation of soil degradation.
Program: EU Structural Funds Research & Development
Project leader: Mgr. Halabuk Andrej, PhD.
Duration: 3.4.2020 – 30.6.2023
Ekologické analýzy akulturácie krajiny Slovenska od mladšieho praveku dodnes
Ecological Analyses of Landscape Acculturation in Slovakia since Early Prehistory until Today
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Piscová Veronika, PhD.
Annotation: Human impact on landscape of Slovakia is manifested more markedly since the Neolithic period (New StoneAge). Acculturation processes such as mutual adoption and merging different cultures and process of social andcultural changes accompany people throughout their history and reflect on the environment (Škvarna, 2007). Thehuman impact on the landscape may appear at first positive, but it may have a negative influence on the natureitself and finally on people as well (Erten, Van Deb Berg, Weissing 2007). For this reason, it is important toanalyze the impact of landscape changes on people and also on natural ecosystems. The aim of this project is toreconstruct the landscape in several periods of historical and archaeological past and to evaluate theconsequences of human activity in the model areas. An important role will be played by the confrontation of theevolution of settlement and vegetation changes in the territories in the same chronological sections.
Duration: 1.1.2019 – 31.12.2022
Demetra – Hodnotenie novodobých zmien a vývojových trendov poľnohospodárskej krajiny Slovenska (Demetra)
Assessment of recent changes and trends in agricultural landscape of Slovakia (Demetra)
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš, CSc.
Annotation: The project responds to insufficiently known consequences of the current rapid and extensive changes of agricultural landscape (AL). The aim is to evaluate the extent and distribution of the recent changes in the AL use in Slovakia after r. 1990, their trends and impacts on main functions and depending ecosystem services. The project is based on the DPSIR concept that evaluates environmental context of human activities in the form of a causal chain, following the causes, conditions and consequences. The main original features of the project is a comprehensive approach with the analysis and evaluation of natural and socio-economic factors, with emphasis of internationally established indicators use, analysis of trends and formulation of possible future scenarios, interconnection of multiple spatial levels, the combination of analytical procedures with empirical knowledge and stakeholder involvement.The project is planned for 48 months (07/2018-06/2022). It will develop special methods, procedures and indicators to be applied at national level and in local case studies in all major types of AL. In addition to scientific contribution, the project will also propose measures, tools and procedures for decision-making and planning of the sustainable use of AL.
Duration: 1.8.2018 – 30.6.2022
Zmeny poľnohospodárskej krajiny Slovenska vplyvom politík Európskej Únie
Changes in Slovak Landscape Driven by European Union Agricultural Policy
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Lieskovský Juraj, PhD.
Annotation: The project is focused on identification and evaluation of changes in agricultural landscape (AL), which were after 2004 affected by the EU legislation in fields of agriculture, water protection and nature conservation. It is based on analysis of the EU policies as drivers of changes in AL. It will study types and intensity of use of AL on regional and local levels. The project combines methods of remote sensing (RS) and field research. RS will be used for timely obtaining information on AL. Also will be developed and tested innovative approaches and methods with use of new satellite sensors. In local scale will be studied impact of changes in use in AL on biodiversity. For biodiversity study were selected indication groups of vegetation, invertebrates (spiders, dragonflies) and vertebrates (amphibians, birds). Studied will be sites from which exist data from previous research, wetlands and newly evolved biotopes in AL. The final phase will be synthesis of current state and changes in AL and biodiversity.
Duration: 1.1.2016 – 31.12.2019